Maiman, Theodore Harold

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b. 11 July 1927 Los Angeles, California, USA
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American physicist who developed the laser.
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The son of an electrical engineer, Theodore H. Maiman graduated with the degree of BS in engineering physics from the University of Colorado in 1949. He then went on to do postgraduate work at Stanford University, where he gained an MS in electrical engineering in 1951 and a PhD in physics in 1955 for work on spectroscopy using microwave-optical techniques. He then joined the Hughes Research Laboratories, where he worked on the stimulated emission of microwave energy. In this field Charles H. Townes had developed the maser (an acronym of microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) and in a paper in 1958 with Arthur L. Schawlow he had suggested the possibility of a further development into optical frequencies, or, of an optical maser, later known as a laser (an acronym of light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). Maiman was the first to achieve this when in May 1960 he operated a ruby laser and coherent light was produced for the first time. In 1962 he founded his own company, Korad Corporation, for research, development and manufacture of high-power lasers. He founded Maiman Associates in 1968, acting as consultant on lasers and optics. He was a co-founder of the Laser Video Corporation in 1972, and in 1976 he became Vice-President for advanced technology at TRW Electronics.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Franklin Institute Stuart Ballantine Medal 1962. American Electrical Society/American Astronautical Society Award 1965. American Physical Society Oliver E.Buckley Solid State Physics Prize 1966. Fannie and John Hertz Foundation Award for Applied Physical Science 1966. American Optical Society R.W.Wood Prize 1976.
Bibliography
1980, entry in McGraw-Hill Modern Scientists and Engineers, Part 2, New York, pp. 271–2 (autobiographical).
RTS

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maiman , Theodore Harold — (1927–) American physicist Maiman, the son of an electrical engineer, was born in Los Angeles, California, and graduated in engineering physics from the University of Colorado in 1949. He gained his PhD from Stanford University in 1955, following …   Scientists

  • Maiman, Theodore Harold — ▪ 2008       American physicist born July 11, 1927 , Los Angeles, Calif. died May 5, 2007, Vancouver, B.C. constructed the first laser, a device that produces monochromatic coherent light, or light in which the rays are all of the same wavelength …   Universalium

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — (* 11. Juli 1927 in Los Angeles; † 5. Mai 2007 in Vancouver) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1960 entwickelte er den ersten funktionstüchtigen Laser. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — Théodore Maiman Théodore Harold Maiman (né 11 juillet 1927 à Denver, États Unis et mort le 5 mai 2007 à Vancouver, Canada), est un physicien américain. Il fait ses études aux universités du Colorado et de Stanford. En mai 1960, le physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — Infobox Scientist name = Theodore Harold Maiman birth date = birth date|1927|7|11 birth place = Los Angeles, California death date = death date and age|2007|5|5|1927|7|11 death place = Vancouver, British Columbia citizenship = United States field …   Wikipedia

  • Maiman, Theodore H. — ▪ American physicist in full  Theodore Harold Maiman   born July 11, 1927, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died May 5, 2007, Vancouver, B.C., Can.       American physicist, who constructed the first laser, a device that produces monochromatic coherent… …   Universalium

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — Nacido en Los Ángeles, California (Estados Unidos) el 11 de julio de 1927. Asistió a la Universidad del Colorado y recibió un B.S. en ingeniería física en 1949, entonces siguió para graduarse en la Universidad de Stanford donde recibió un M.S.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maiman — Theodore Harold Maiman (* 11. Juli 1927 in Los Angeles; † 5. Mai 2007 in Vancouver) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1960 entwickelte er den ersten funktionstüchtigen Laser. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodore Maiman — Théodore Maiman Théodore Harold Maiman (né 11 juillet 1927 à Denver, États Unis et mort le 5 mai 2007 à Vancouver, Canada), est un physicien américain. Il fait ses études aux universités du Colorado et de Stanford. En mai 1960, le physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodore Maiman — Theodore Harold Maiman (* 11. Juli 1927 in Los Angeles; † 5. Mai 2007 in Vancouver) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1960 entwickelte er den ersten funktionstüchtigen Laser. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Auszeichnungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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